Footnotes for Norm Non-compliance and Erasures of Connected Memory – A Case Study of Dunkin Donuts

1 Adam Gabbatt, “Dunkin’ Donuts Apologises for ‘Bizarre and Racist’ Thai Advert,” The Guardian (Guardian News  and Media, August 30, 2013), https://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/aug/30/dunkin-donuts-racist-thai-advert blackface.

2 Ibid.

3 Bruce Edinhorn, et al. “In Asia, Brands Built on Racist Stereotypes Face Scrutiny,” Bloomberg.com, (Bloomberg,  25 June 2020), www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-06-24/ads-insensitive-to-black-people-are-still-common-in asia.  

4 Newley Purnell, “Images Spark Racism Debate in Thailand,” The New Yorker, accessed November 9, 2020,  https://www.newyorker.com/business/currency/images-spark-racism-debate-in-thailand. 5Amitav Acharya, “How Ideas Spread: Whose Norms Matter? Norm Localization and Institutional Change in Asian  Regionalism.,” International Organization 58, no. 2 (2004): pp. 239-275.

6 D’Ambruoso L. William , “Norms, Perverse Effects, and Torture,” International Theory 7 (2015): pp. 33-60,  https://doi.org/10.1017/S1752971914000396 .

7 Ida Danewid, “White Innocence in the Black Mediterranean: Hospitality and the Erasure of History,” Third World  Quarterly, 2017, pp. 1360-2241, https://doi.org/10.1080/01436597.2017.1331123.