Footnotes for The Lion, The West, and the Oriental Globe

1 Picture 1 : Carylsue, “Cecil the Lion,” National Geographic Education Blog, May 4, 2016, https://blog.education.nationalgeographic.org/2016/05/04/drought-forces-zimbabwe-to-sell-animals/cecil_the_lion/. Picture 2 : Ashifa Kassam and Jessica Glenza, “Killer of Cecil the Lion Was Dentist from Minnesota, Claim Zimbabwe Officials,” July 28, 2015, https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/jul/28/killer-of-cecil-the-lion-was-american-zimbabwe-officials-claim.

2 Garikai Chimuka, “Western Hysteria over Killing of Cecil the Lion! Othering from the Zimbabwean Gaze,” Tourist Studies 19, no. 3 (August 2019): pp. 336-356, https://doi.org/10.1177/1468797619832316, 11-12. 

3 Britta Timm Knudsen and Casper Andersen, “Affective Politics and Colonial Heritage, Rhodes Must Fall at UCT and Oxford,” International Journal of Heritage Studies 25, no. 3 (November 2018): pp. 239-258, https://doi.org/10.1080/13527258.2018.1481134, 240. 

4 Garikai Chimuka, “Western Hysteria over Killing of Cecil the Lion! Othering from the Zimbabwean Gaze,” Tourist Studies 19, no. 3 (August 2019): pp. 336-356, https://doi.org/10.1177/1468797619832316, 12. 

5 Said, Edward W.. Orientalism. (New York: Vintage Books, 2003), 47-48. 

6 Garikai Chimuka, “Western Hysteria over Killing of Cecil the Lion! Othering from the Zimbabwean Gaze,” Tourist Studies 19, no. 3 (August 2019): pp. 336-356, https://doi.org/10.1177/1468797619832316, 5. 

7 Self-commodification and other related concepts are usually defined as the way people in the Orient use the Western gaze to view themselves.

 8 Paul Vig, “Blood Lines: Cecil the Lion, Mandela, and Art in History,” Kronos 42, no. 1 (2016): pp. 174-194, https://doi.org/10.17159/2309-9585/2016/v42a11, 178. 

9 Mucha Mkono. “Neo-Colonialism and Greed: Africans’ Views on Trophy Hunting in Social Media.” Journal of Sustainable Tourism 27, no. 5 (2019): pp. 689–704. https://doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2019.1604719, 691. 

10 The Humane Society of the United States. Trophy Hunting by the Numbers. Humane Society International, 2016. https://www.hsi.org/wp-content/uploads/assets/pdfs/report_trophy_hunting_by_the.pdf 

11 Ranked the fifth highest in trophy imports to the U.S. 

12 Mavhumashava, Kennedy. “Cecil- what’s going on?.” The Chronicle. July 30, 2015. 

13 Dzirutwe, MacDonald. “’What lion?’ Zimbabweans ask, amid global Cecil circus.” Reuters. July 30, 2015. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-zimbabwe-wildlife-lion/what-lion-zimbabweans-ask-amid-global-cecil-circus-id USKCN0Q41VB20150730 

14 Ibid. 

15 Simonin, Bernard L.. “Nation Branding and Public Diplomacy: Challenges and Opportunities.” Fletcher Forum of World Af airs 32, no. 3 (Special Edition 2008): 19-34. http://hdl.handle.net/10427/77162

16 Guzman, Zack. “Cecil the lion’s killing could cost Zimbabwe tourism.” CNBC Travel. August 3, 2015. https://www.cnbc.com/2015/08/03/cecil-the-lions-killing-could-cost-zimbabwe-tourism.html

17 Peter A. Lindsey et al., “Life after Cecil: Channelling Global Outrage into Funding for Conservation in Africa,” Conservation Letters 9, no. 4 (2016): 296-301. https://doi.org/10.1111/conl.12224, 296. 

18 Chelsea Batavia et al., “The Elephant (Head) in the Room: A Critical Look at Trophy Hunting,” Conservation Letters 12, no. 1 (September 2018). https://doi.org/10.1111/conl.12565, 690.

19 Muchazondida Mkono, “The Age of Digital Activism in Tourism: Evaluating the Legacy and Limitations of the Cecil Anti-Trophy Hunting Movement,” Journal of Sustainable Tourism 26, no. 9 (2018): pp. 1608-1624, https://doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2018.1489399, 9. 

20 Ibid, 10. 

21 Norimitsu Onishi, “A Hunting Ban Saps a Village’s Livelihood,” The New York Times (The New York Times, September 13, 2015), https://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/13/world/a-hunting-ban-saps-a-villages-livelihood.html. Cecil Anti-Trophy Hunting Movement,” Journal of Sustainable Tourism 26, no. 9 (2018): pp. 1608-1624,

22 Muchazondida Mkono, “The Age of Digital Activism in Tourism: Evaluating the Legacy and Limitations of the https://doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2018.1489399, 11. 

23 In her article “The age of digital activism in tourism: evaluating the legacy and limitations of the Cecil anti-trophy hunting movement” Muchazondida Mkono found “many African countries have protected area budgets of less than $100/km2 (or 1/5th to 1/20th of the required amount), leaving massive budget deficits”

24 Goodwell Nzou, “In Zimbabwe, We Don’t Cry for Lions,” The New York Times, August 4, 2015, https://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/05/opinion/in-zimbabwe-we-dont-cry-for-lions.html. 

25 Ibid 

26 Muchazondida Mkono, “The Age of Digital Activism in Tourism: Evaluating the Legacy and Limitations of the Cecil Anti-Trophy Hunting Movement,” Journal of Sustainable Tourism 26, no. 9 (2018): pp. 1608-1624, https://doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2018.1489399, 13.